In-depth

Alt text for imageWomen participating in the reconstruction of the country - Credit: UNDP

Capacity and Business Development

  • Developing national capacities for macro-economic analysis and formulation of social policies to attaining MDGs;
  • Strengthening national capacities at all levels and in all social sectors, grounded in human rights-based approach;
  • Private sector development;
  • Strategies for sustainable development ( environmental focus on bio-diversity and resource management);
  • Institutional Capacity to respond to HIV/AIDS and other diseases.

Within the framework of UNDAF and as part of joint programming, the Country Office promotes adoption of monitoring tools for the MDGs in the Water and Sanitation sector, using a multidisciplinary approach in tackling one of Angola's most challenging human development issues. This was achieved through pilot study research and baseline data collection on the water and sanitation sector in six municipalities. A monitoring database system was established and MDG based plans in the sector were drafted in three municipalities. Importantly, the Water and Sanitation Joint Programme contributes to strengthening disaggregated data collection and analysis in the water sector.

The inclusion of MDG based planning and reporting allowed for a significant contribution towards enhancing the capacity of the Government to report on the overall status of MDG 3, the promotion of gender equality and women empowerment.

In the private sector, UNDP supports outputs that resulted in drafting of legislation for regulating and promoting micro-finance interventions, including the strengthening of inter-ministerial coordinating mechanisms for the national microfinance system. UNDP assists with capacity development of key actors through south-south exchanges for learning and comparative experience sharing, and organizes forums for wider consultations on the new frameworks and legislation on microfinance and small enterprises.

Furthermore, UNDP facilitates partnerships between the public and private sectors for improved policy dialogue, wider stakeholder involvement in inclusive and equitable growth.

UNDP supports different institutions that work on private sector development in Angola. UNDP also  supports  the capacity development of the technical team of the National Bank of Angola, as a result the bank created a micro-finance unit that became a finance inclusive unit that now is responsible for the inclusion of most vulnerable people.

UNDP also supports the Technical Work Group on Microfinance (Ministries of Planning, Finance, Economy, Family, Agriculture, Commerce, Industry, National Bank of Angola, public and private banks and NGOs). The support involves capacity development of teams in different institutions and support to advocacy activities, as a result the group is working with a strong national network that is responsible to create a National Council on Microfinance composed by high level representatives from the Angolan government.

UNDP attempted to move the economic diversification agenda forward by working with private sector groups on skills development, institutional capacity development, and enhancing partnerships. Specifically, UNDP reinforces public organizations and CSOs dedicated to private sector development; including, National Institute of Micro and Small Business, Federation of Women Entrepreneurs in Angola, and the Technical Group of Micro-finance.

Through UNDP’s support 20 organizations formed a national platform for advocating for greater access and coordination of microcredit; 30 organizations trained in business planning; the Ministry of Economy drafted a new law for Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises (SMMEs); a new government committee was chosen to coordinate rural credit; the Bureau for Entrepreneurship was established to expand business acumen, particularly to women and youth. 

Efforts to better leverage the potential of rural value chains in four under-exploited sectors (coffee, tourism, fishing, horticulture) will have a short-term impact on alleviating rural poverty and food insecurity, particularly amongst vulnerable groups, while contributing to the long-term goal of building resilient communities that can adapt and benefit from Angola’s rapidly expanding economy.

UNDP has been providing capacity development support to the National Institute of AIDS (INLS) since 2006.  In 2012 the focus of capacity building was on-the-job-training of staff at the National Institute for Aids in the area of planning, logistics and distribution, procurement, and control tools, and distribution of re-agents and ARVs in the value of $3 million. 

The INLS has now taken the lead of its forecasting and restocking processes; however UNDP has been requested by the Government to continue to play an on-going technical backstopping role for a further two years (2013-2015) as part of a measured exit strategy to ensure the supply chains of these life-saving medicines remains intact.

With the contribution of the UNDP Antiretroviral therapy for pregnant women, which increased from 6% in 2007 to 12% in 2009 and to 54.7% in 2011, success in the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV is being achieved. In addition to this, improved laboratory support is significant-- testing of viral loads is now available in all 18 provinces of the country.