In-depth

Alt text for imageDegradation of land in Huambo - Credit: Gabriela Nascimento/UNDP

UNDP Angola contributes to fostering transformational change by working with the Government, civil society, and the private sector in building robust institutions and supporting pro-poor initiatives based on institutional mechanisms (laws, policies, and procedures) that have long-term horizons. This is evident in the environment sector where UNDP helps move the protection of biodiversity to the core of the national agenda and build the foundations for a sustainable development model for Angola.  UNDP helped design and mobilize multi-donor support for biodiversity protection in six national parks totaling $28 million. Notably the Government will commit $5 million of its own financial resources to the projects demonstrating a new level of national ownership.

With UNDP’s assistance, the Government of Angola participates in several high-level events that demonstrate a new more confident Angola as it strives to become a regional political leader after decades of conflict.  UNDP took the opportunity to support Angola’s transformation by adding technical support to its preparations for Rio+20, negotiations at COP-18, and public deliberations on defining an MDG+15 vision. Through UNDP’s advocacy, civil society, the private sector and media, are able to participate in these activities which illustrates a new broadening of the discourse and ownership of the development agenda in the country. 

UNDP Angola also adopted a similar approach at the community level where it helps to develop action plans for sustainable land management (SLM) in Huambo and Kwanza Sul Provinces by working with the Government and the University Jose Eduardo dos Santos (Huambo) to combat the causes of land degradation; namely unsustainable agriculture, deforestation and overgrazing. Importantly, with UNDP’s support an SLM network was created which integrated CSOs into the SLM planning process to build the local leadership capacity to influence community SLM practice. 

With UNDP’s assistance, Angola created a multi-sectorial commission for the drafting of the Rio+20 report which included participation from civil society and the private sector. After Rio, UNDP is requested to support a conference on sustainable development and the green economy with the objectives of introducing politicians and policy makers to the concept and to provide inputs to a multi-sectoral working group responsible for drafting a national strategy.  A second outcome of Rio was the formal request put forward by the Government to begin the process of being reclassified from a LDC to a MIC; UNDP has been identified as the lead UN agency in working with the Government on this process. UNDP’s strategic support to the Angola delegation for COP-18 had significant impact in moving the domestic climate change agenda forward.  In addition to advising the Government at Doha, UNDP positioned itself to support the Government in its desire to establish a permanent intra-governmental technical working group on climate change.