Decentralization and Local Governance

What is the project about

 Seminar on Electoral Information and Civic Education Credit: UNDP Angola 2017

Decentralization is at the top of the agenda in Angola. The Government has already started the decentralization process by empowering the municipalities for local decision-making and service delivery. The fundamental focus of the Project is to strengthen the capacity of Municipal Administration in the 15 Municipalities under the Project and to empower the communities in these Municipalities for greater control on decision-making and resource allocation processes, and allowing their direct participation in public service delivery and local development for poverty reduction.

About the Project

 

The initiative was an official pilot project of the Ministry of Territorial Administration and UNDP in partnership with DFID and AECID to support Decentralization and Local Governance in Angola.

The issue of decentralization has become one of the most important issues of the Angolan Government institutional agenda. A decree 17/99 on Local Administration was approved in 1999 which provided a legislative framework for deconcentration in Angola. The Government enacted the Local Administration Decree in 1999 (Law 17/99), which provided a detailed framework for deconcentration.

Moreover, it has recently approved the Law 2/07 as result of the political and economic changes, which paves the way for further deconcentration as selected municipalities become increasingly responsible for their budgets (budgetary units). The Law 2/07 reinforces the status of the provincial and municipal governments as deconcentrated units of the State, whilst also moving towards greater territorial autonomy. Under the Law on state Organs of State, the municipalities became budget units for the first time in 2008 and 68 municipalities were chosen to pilot fiscal deconcentration and received in 2008 transfers directly from the state budget of around USD 5 Million.

From 2009 all municipalities (163) were transformed into budgetary Units and resources allocated to materialize local needs and demands. Nevertheless the political shift, there are challenges pertaining to low skills-base in the face of increasing demands for enhanced service delivery.

What have we accomplished so far

The project will contribute to building capacity of local administrations to address effectively the principle of good governance and participatory Local Development.

It is expected that the local administrations will be prepared for identification, designing and implement local development plans, collect and manage development data, elaborate profiles, coherent with evidence-based planning and efficient finance management in 15 municipalities.

The Project also aims to gain experiences and lessons on good governance practices that can be replicated to the rest of the country to enhance democratization, good governance and public service delivery for poverty reduction.

Who finances it?



2011
Donor name Amount contributed per year
UNDP $ 703,000
Government of Spain $ 608,000
2012
UNDP
$ 533,000
World Bank $ 644,000
2013
Government of Angola $ 1.400,000
UNDP $    631,000
World Bank $      34,000

 

 

Delivery in previous fiscal year

2011
Donor name Amount contributed per year
UNDP $ 485,000
Goverment of Spain $ 447,000
2012
UNDP TRAC $ 529,000
Government of Spain $ 372,000
2013
Government of Angola $ 692,000
UNDP $   31,000
World Bank $   31,000