United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)
In 2010, UNISDR launched a global resilient cities Campaign with the specific focus on improving urban cities" capacity to withstand and recover from natural disasters. By signing up to the Campaign, cities commit to take specific actions to build their resilience. These actions are guided by the "Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient", a 10-point checklist of factors considered fundamental for cities to improve their resilience capacity.In 2012, UNISDR Regional office for Africa in Nairobi, Kenya commenced a pilot project to "operationalise" the Campaign in three cities in Africa - Narok and Kisumu in Kenya and Moshi in Tanzania. This document provides a background to each city and highlights some of the underlying factors that make the three cities vulnerable to hazards, including those related to water.